The second module -- Iowa's Ecosystems -- offers a crash course in each of the three major ecosystems found in Iowa: prairies, forests, and aquatic ecosystems. The goal for each submodule is to introduce the history of the ecosystem, describe the current status and function of the ecosystem, and discuss the challenges facing the ecosystem in Iowa. In future modules and during the in-person sessions, we'll discuss approaches to address those challenges and how conservationists are using these natural ecosystems to address other challenges in Iowa like water quality and wildlife habitat.
At the end of this session on Iowa's Forests, participants should:
- Understand the historical and current distribution and composition of Iowa’s forest ecosystems.
- Know key terms like even/uneven aged management, forest succession, disturbance, and regeneration and understand how management strategies in forests apply these concepts.
- Be familiar with the challenges facing Iowa’s forests, including exotic forest pests and plants, limited application of sound forest stewardship practices, and succession toward shade-tolerant plant communities.
Before coming to the in-person session, complete the following elements.
- Watch the recorded lecture (42 minutes; download PDF of slides here) by Dr. Miranda Curzon to learn about the history of Iowa's forests, challenges facing those forests, and management strategies that can be used to effectively manage forests for sustainable timber production, wildlife habitat, and many other valuable functions.
- Read the article on Forests (pdf) from Iowa's Nature for a written general overview of forest ecosystems found in Iowa.
- Read this short article from the Iowa DNR about emerging threats facing Iowa's forests and watch this episode of Iowa Outdoors about Forest Invasive Species.
References supporting materials covered in this module. Explore as you have time and interest!
Episodes of Iowa Land and Sky program
The Iowa Land and Sky program from Iowa Public Broadcasting has a wonderful library of short, educational videos about Iowa's landscapes and ecology. Here's a list of episodes that add to the focus of this module.
- Ruffed grouse habitat in northeast Iowa (4:06)
- Mississippi River island forest rehabilitation (7:01)
Resources from Iowa State University Extension and Outreach
- Learn more about forestry and forest health at the forestry extension website.
- Iowa's Forest Birds (pdf)
- Burning for Oak Regeneration (pdf)
- Planning for Wooded Acreages and Woodlands (pdf)
- Management of Floodplain Forests (pdf)
- Article series on prescribed fire for use in forests and grasslands. Also check out the YouTube video series associated with the articles.
- Developing a Prescribed Fire Burn Plan: Elements & Considerations (pdf)
- Considerations for Prescribed Burning: Tools and Safety Gear (pdf)
- Considerations for Prescribed Burning: Timing a Prescribed Burn (pdf)
- Smoke Management for Prescribed Burning: What to Consider (pdf)
- Considerations for Prescribed Burning: Ignition Techniques (pdf)
- Interactive Tree Identification Guide for Iowa trees (website)
- Safe Mushroom Foraging (pdf)
Resources from the Iowa DNR
- The State Forest Nursery is an invaluable resource for Iowans to high-quality seedlings for tree plantings around the state.
- The Iowa DNR forestry program has an impressive online-tool for learning about Iowa's forests along with goals for conserving forest lands in the state available at this website. Use the tabs along the top to navigate to different topics and be sure to scroll through all the content on each tab with the features on the left.
- Forest health issues and resources in Iowa
- Forests are for more than trees and wildlife, they're critical habitat for pollinators too. Here's a great resource from Iowa DNR on the importance of forests for pollinators in Iowa.
- Key exotic invasive forest and prairie plants in Iowa
- Resources for forest landowners, including detailed information about Iowa's Forest Reserve Law and other articles on timber production, wildlife habitat, and more.
Groups for landowners to learn more and get involved in forest management in Iowa
Effective tree identification is critical to effective forest management and conservation. There are many books available, but this list includes the best resources we've found after trying out a number. A quick online search or trip to the local bookstore may reveal a format or style you prefer.
- Native Trees of the Midwest: Identification, wildlife value, and landscape use, Sally Weeks and others (2010)
- Shrubs and woody vines of Indiana and the Midwest, Sally and Harmon Weeks (2012).
- iNaturalist is a phone application that can help you ID plants with photos anywhere you go.
- Guide to Common Trees and Shrubs of Iowa is a free guide available for download or order from Iowa Department of Transportation. Visit their store for other free books or posters available for download or sale.
Scroll through the online Story Map from the Natural Resources Conservation Service about forest management on private lands. This short tutorial is a good overview of the principles discussed in the lecture and is also an interesting approach to communicating conservation through online story maps.
Do you have ideas for how we can improve this online module? Did we miss a resource that you think should be included? Were elements too long or too short? Too technical or not technical enough? Please help us improve the Master Conservationist Program by providing feedback on this short online form?