Roughleaf Dogwood

Roughleaf Dogwood Cornus DrummondiiThe roughleaf dogwood (Cornus drummondii) is a deciduous multi-stemmed shrub or medium sized slender understory tree that grows 4 to 15 feet (maximum 50 feet), with a diameter of 2 to 8 feet (maximum 10 feet).

Habitat: Found in moist woods and wooded streamsides. Not found very often in northeast Iowa.

roughleaf dogwood shrub
Roughleaf Dogwood - Photo by John D. Byrd, Mississippi State University,

Hardiness: Zones 4 through 9

Growth Rate: Fast

Mature Shape: Ovular

Height: 15-25 feet

Width: 10-15 feet

Site Requirements: Full sun to partial shade in well drained soils, very drought tolerant

Flowering Dates: May - June

Seed Dispersal Dates: August - Winter

Seed Bearing Age: 2-6 years

Seed Bearing Frequency: Yearly

Seed Stratification: Prechill for 1 month at 40°F 

The rough sandpapery upper surface of the leaves distinguishes it from other dogwoods, wooly underneath, egg-shaped or elliptic with 3 to 5 pairs of veins. The leaves are 2 to 5 inches long. The flowers bloom from May to June; small white in round clusters. The fruit are white and ripen from August to October. A native of North America and common in rich soiled woodlands.

cluster of small, white, roughleaf dogwood flowers
Roughleaf Dogwood Flowers - Photo by John D. Byrd, Mississippi State University,

small, white, berry-like roughleaf dogwood fruit
Roughleaf Dogwood Fruit - Photo by Franklin Bonner, USFS (ret.),