Elderberry Sambucus CanadensisElderberry (Sambucus canadensis) grows in moist areas of fence rows, wood edges, and shorelines and is found throughout Iowa.

Hardiness: Zones 3 through 9

rowth Rate: Moderate 

Mature Shape: Upright shrub

Height: 5-12 feet

Width: 4-5 feet

Site Requirements: Prefers moist soils, but will tolerate dry

Flowering Dates: June - July

Seed Dispersal Dates: August - October

Seed Bearing Age: 2 years 

Seed Bearing Frequency: Yearly

Seed Stratification: 90 days warm stratification followed by 90 day of prechilling