Balsam Poplar

Balsam Poplar Populus balsamiferaThe balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) is a native tree found only in northern Iowa.

Habitat: Grows in moist woodlands and woodland edges.

Hardiness: Zone 3

Mature Shape: Long straight trunk and narrow irregular crowns. They have a few large limbs, with branches that curve upward. 

Height: 80-100 feet

Width: 4-10 feet

Site Requirements: Abundant soil moisture needed; High in nutrients, especially calcium and magnesium 

Flowering Dates: April

Seed Dispersal Dates: May - July

Seed Bearing Age: 8-10 Years

Seed Bearing Frequency: Each year

Seed Stratification: Seeds disperse in the spring and immediately germinate. No stratification period is needed.